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Posted by: Emil - 2017-Apr-24, 08:04:02 - Forum: Submissions - Replies (3)

Title
Do exercise games increase cognitive ability? a reanalysis of Stanmore et al (2017)

Abstract
Stanmore et al. (2017) meta-analyzed 17 studies examining whether electronic games that involved exercise increased cognitive ability. They estimated the effect size to be 0.44 d. The data from their study were reanalyzed, and the evidential basis for the claim was found to be much weaker than what the authors concluded. Taken as a whole, the literature is consistent with an effect size of 0, but it is not possible to be sure because the published studies used too small samples.

Length
6 pages.

Files
https://osf.io/tq6w9/

Posted by: NoahCarl - 2017-Mar-19, 17:33:08 - Forum: Submissions - Replies (9)

Journal:
Open Quantitative Sociology & Political Science

Authors:
Noah Carl

Title:
The Political Attitudes of British Academics

Abstract:
Carl (2017) recently published a report claiming that individuals with left-wing and liberal views are overrepresented in British academia. One weakness of this report was that it relied almost exclusively on party support data. Using data from the 2015 wave of the British Election Study Panel, the present study confirms that the political attitudes of British academics are somewhat more economically left-wing (0.38sd), and are substantially more socially liberal (0.84sd), than those of the general population. It also documents that British academics are substantially more likely to read The Guardian newspaper (the UK’s most left-liberal newspaper) than members of the general population (31 ppts). Adjusting for demographic characteristics, education and openness to experience reduces the difference on social liberalism by 0.20sd, and reduces the difference on Guardian readership by 5 ppts, but increases the difference on economic leftism by 0.07sd.

Key words:
Academics; political attitudes; left-wing; liberal; education; openness

Length:
~3,000 words, 13 pages.

Files:

https://osf.io/q9e79/

Data can be accessed on the website for the BES:

http://www.britishelectionstudy.com  

Posted by: Emil - 2016-Nov-24, 05:07:03 - Forum: Submissions - Replies (2)

Journal:
Open Quantitative Sociology & Political Science

Authors:
Emil O. W. Kirkegaard

Title:
Name features and social status: an exploratory study of 1,890 Danish first names

Abstract:
A dataset of the relative social status of 1,890 first names of persons living in Denmark was obtained from a previous study. Linguistic features were generated based mostly on n-grams augmented by regex and each name was scored on each feature. The list of features were then pruned based on their presence in the data such that features that never or almost never appeared in the data were discarded. An initial check using t-tests showed strong signal in the features taken as a whole and that this was due mostly to low status names being more similar. LASSO regression was then used to select a subset of features with above chance level validity. Finally, an OLS model was fit based on the LASSO chosen features. This model showed a cross-validated R2 of .40, equivalent to a correlation of .63. It was concluded that subtle linguistic features in first names have substantial validity for predicting relative social status in Denmark.


Key words:
first name, social status, linguistics, computational linguistics, variable selection, n-gram

Length:

~1300 words, ~5 pages.

Files:
https://osf.io/adgwd/

Reviewers:
None suggested.

Posted by: Emil - 2016-Oct-22, 20:49:27 - Forum: Submissions - Replies (14)

Journal:
Open Differential Psychology

Authors:
Emil O. W. Kirkegaard

Title:
Criminal and antisocial behavior and cognitive ability in a sample of dating site users

Abstract:

The relationship between cognitive ability and a broad variety of criminal and antisocial (CAS) behaviors was examined in a sample of dating site users. Cognitive ability was scored from 14 suitable items using item response theory. 11 of the 13 items were negatively related to cognitive ability with latent correlations ranging from .01 to -.29, and a median of -.14. Correlations for males were stronger with a mean/median male/female ratio of 1.7/1.4.

The CAS items were all positively correlated (mean correlation = .23) and formed a general CAS factor. Attempts were made to use item response theory to score this factor, but results proved unsatisfactory. Instead, a simple score was calculated by summing the items. This score correlated -.16 [-.14 to -.18] with cognitive ability.

To examine the influence of confounders, an OLS model was fit using cognitive ability, gender, age, and cognitive ability x gender as predictors and the simple summed score as the dependent. In this model, the standardized beta cognitive ability was -.19. A series of robustness checks were made using alternative model specifications which provided near identical results.

Key words:

crime, antisocial behavior, violence, cognitive ability, IQ, intelligence, dating site, gender, sex

Length:
~4000 words, ~16 pages.

Files:
https://osf.io/7htpz/

Reviewers:
I will attempt to recruit one of the following: Brian Boutwell, Joseph Schwartz and John Wright.

Posted by: Emil - 2014-Mar-08, 17:16:48 - Forum: Submissions - No Replies

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